Thanks bellaluna. That’s the main reason why I keep asking the question whether to pass TEF or TEF Canada: the Alliances don’t seem to know themselves and in the end no one can give me a definite answer. CCI says TEF Canada only, here on the forum I gather that TEF should do. Had TEF Canada been available in my country, I would have passed it ages ago but it’s not. In the meantime I have tried to email CIC Immigration directly but they have only ever gotten back to me with a standard email which does not even include a reply to my actual question. I have been looking at different threads but want to make sure they’re recent as rules and regulations change all the time.